What is Hazard Mitigation?
Wisconsin is vulnerable to a variety of hazards. The state has incurred hazard-related damages totaling nearly $3 billion in the last three decades. However, through mitigation activities future hazard losses can be reduced. A study by the National Institute of Building Sciences, Multihazard Mitigation Council, documented that every $1 spent on mitigation saves an average of $6 in future reduced losses. This savings increases to $7 for flood mitigation projects.
Hazard mitigation breaks the cycle of damage and repair by reducing or eliminating the long-term risk to human life and property from hazards. Effective mitigation actions can include a variety of projects and activities. For example, mitigation can include relatively simple projects such as elevating a home furnace, water heater, and air conditioner. Mitigation actions can also include larger and more complex projects such as relocating buildings out of the floodplain, strengthening critical facilities to prevent wind damage, and construction of detention or retention ponds.
Wisconsin’s Mitigation GoalsThe State of Wisconsin Hazard Mitigation Plan (2016) established 5 key goals to serve as the foundation for the state mitigation strategy:
- Minimize human, economic and environmental disruption and reduce the potential for injury and loss of life from natural hazards, technological and manmade hazards.
- Enhance public education about disaster preparedness and resilience, and expand public awareness of natural hazards, technological and manmade hazards.
- Encourage and promote continued comprehensive hazard mitigation planning and implementation of the plan.
- Support coordination and collaboration among federal, state, and local authorities, and non-governmental organizations regarding hazard mitigation activities.
- Improve the disaster resistance of buildings, structures, and infrastructure whether new construction, expansion or renovation.