Mitigation plans form the foundation for effective hazard mitigation. A mitigation plan is a demonstration of the commitment to reduce risks from natural hazards and serves as a strategic guide for decision-makers as they commit resources. The planning process is as important as the plan itself. This process includes hazard identification and risk assessment leading to the development of a comprehensive mitigation strategy for reducing risks to life and property. The mitigation strategy section of the plan identifies a range of specific mitigation actions and projects being considered to reduce risks to new and existing buildings and infrastructure. This section includes an action plan describing how identified mitigation activities will be prioritized, implemented, and administered.
State, Indian Tribal, and local governments are required to develop a hazard mitigation plan as a condition of receiving certain types of hazard mitigation disaster assistance. Indian Tribal and local governments may choose to develop a single jurisdiction mitigation plan or participate in multi-jurisdictional mitigation plan. Both single and multi-jurisdictional plans have benefits and challenges. Single jurisdiction plans offer sole discretion and autonomy in how the community will conduct the planning process. Multi-jurisdictional planning is most effective when jurisdictions face the same threats or hazards of concern, operate under similar authorities, have similar needs and capabilities, and have successfully partnered in the past.
Additional information can be found on FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Planning website.
State Mitigation Planning
In October 2001, Wisconsin Emergency Management reached a significant milestone with the completion of the first-ever State Hazard Mitigation Plan. The Plan identified Wisconsin's most prevalent hazards and their risks and set forth a strategy for reducing future damage. The current Plan is approved as an “Enhanced Plan", making Wisconsin eligible to receive increased funds under the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program following a disaster declaration. While states with standard plans receive 15% of the estimated aggregate amount of disaster assistance, Wisconsin and other states with enhanced plans receive 20%. The current State Hazard Mitigation Plan was published in October 2016. In accordance with FEMA requirements, the next update of the Plan is scheduled for 2021.
The State of Wisconsin Hazard Mitigation Plan identifies Wisconsin's major natural, technological, and human-caused hazards; assesses the vulnerability to those hazards; and outlines a strategy to reduce those vulnerabilities. The Plan focuses state agency resources to help protect the health, safety, property, environment, and economy of Wisconsin from the effects of hazards.
Tribal Hazard Mitigation Planning
Tribal hazard mitigation planning encourages coordination among Indian tribal authorities and other governmental agencies, tribal members, local residents, businesses, academia, and nonprofit groups. The planning process promotes inclusive participation in the plan development and implementation. This broad-based approach is intended to promote the development of mitigation actions that are supported by tribal members and other stakeholders and that reflect the needs of the Indian Tribal government as a whole.
Local Hazard Mitigation Planning
Local hazard mitigation planning forms the foundation for a community's long-term strategy to reduce disaster losses and break the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage in the next disaster. The planning process is as important as the plan itself. It creates a framework for risk-based decision making to reduce damages to lives, property, and the economy from future disasters. Local governments are required to develop a hazard mitigation plan as a condition of receiving certain types of hazard mitigation disaster assistance.
Additional information on specific local hazard mitigation plans is available from a number of sources. Digital versions of many local hazard mitigation plans can be found on the municipal, county emergency management, or regional planning commission websites.